Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking.
We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal.
So I, along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. One may well ask: We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive.
On April 12 he was sent to a Birmingham jail and that was where he wrote the famous essay "Letter From Birmingham. Citing previous failed negotiations, King wrote that the black community was left with "no alternative. For more than two centuries our forebears labored in this country without wages; they made cotton king; they built the homes of their masters while suffering gross injustice and shameful humiliation -and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to thrive and develop.
Actually, time itself is neutral; it can be used either destructively or constructively. Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the tireless efforts of men willing to be co workers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation.
MERGE The letter from birmingham jail and is an alternate of.
I have hope that Mr. Connor defeated, and to this end we endured postponement after postponement. So I have not said to my people: We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people.
Instead, some have been outright opponents, refusing to understand the freedom movement and misrepresenting its leaders; all too many others have been more cautious than courageous and have remained silent behind the anesthetizing security of stained glass windows.
To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. Compared to other movements at the time, King finds himself as a moderate. But even if the church does not come to the aid of justice, I have no despair about the future.
Let us consider a more concrete example of just and unjust laws. The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment.
Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered.
If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work. Will we be extremists for hate or for love?
Over and over I have found myself asking: One is a force of complacency, made up in part of Negroes who, as a result of long years of oppression, are so drained of self respect and a sense of "somebodiness" that they have adjusted to segregation; and in part of a few middle-class Negroes who, because of a degree of academic and economic security and because in some ways they profit by segregation, have become insensitive to the problems of the masses.
They have gone down the highways of the South on tortuous rides for freedom. We will win our freedom because the sacred heritage of our nation and the eternal will of God are embodied in our echoing demands.
On 12 Aprilcity officials issued a court injunction to prohibit the civil rights marches that were going on in Birmingham. They will be the James Merediths, with the noble sense of purpose that enables them to face jeering and hostile mobs, and with the agonizing loneliness that characterizes the life of the pioneer.
Purposful poisoning would be considered premeditated attempted murder. I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community.
I had hoped that each of you would understand. Things are different now. One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Individuals may see the moral light and voluntarily give up their unjust posture; but, as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups tend to be more immoral than individuals.
What can you do in Birmingham?Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States. Its ugly record of police brutality is known in every section of the country. Its unjust treatment of Negroes in the courts is a notorious reality.
There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any city in this nation. “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is addressed to several clergymen who had written an open letter criticizing the actions of Dr.
King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) during their protests in Birmingham. Dr. King tells the clergymen that he was upset about their criticisms. Letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr.
From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in nonviolent demonstrations against segregation, Dr. Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States.
Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in. Letter from Birmingham Jail has ratings and 45 reviews. Bookdragon Sean said: The fact that a man such as Martin Luther King spent time in prison dem /5.
The document available for viewing above is from an early draft of the Letter, while the audio is from King’s reading of the Letter later.Download