However, liberalization did not increase inequality: Abstract extracted from PDF text Degree: The model is used to study the effects of trade liberalization in Vietnam from to Based on the standard agricultural household model, I develop a search dimension in cross-section data, which acts like a time dimension in time-series data, so that the method can be applied to a test with crosssection data.
Thus, under certain assumptions on the functional form of the production functions, both the shadow wage and shadow income can be derived without estimating the farm production function.
Using a sample of Vietnamese farmers, I estimate the labor supply function and show that the results from the new method are more consistent with the theory than the results from the method prescribed in the literature. Although Vietnamese households are found to have enjoyed increases in consumption, agricultural output, shadow income, and welfare on average, the effects varied significantly: Applicaton of the model to the Muda River Valley demonstrates that it is appropriate to a number of policy isues ranging from output price intervention to technological innovaton.
The method comes from the structural break literature in time-series econometrics. See Less - Details. The model is confined to the short run, and it allows an assessment of the policy significance of changes in five variables that are exogenous to the household.
The first variable is the price of the main agricultural output, emphasizing the elasticities of both output and market surplus; the second is the wage rate for agricultural labor, focusing on the elasticities of household labor supply and demand for hired labor; the third is the size of the family labor force, which is essential for estimating shadow wage rates; the fourth is the number of dependents, in order to permit an assessment of family planning policies; and the final variable is technology.
The method is based on the observation that the shadow wage is the marginal product of labor at the optimal point of both farm and household production functions.
A model of an agricultural household: This dissertation includes three essays on econometrics of the agricultural household model. The second essay proposes an empirical agricultural household model which is robust to market imperfections and tractable enough for simulation and parameter estimation.
Specifically, the model indicates that the economic cost of rural to urban migration is small when compared to the marginal productivity of the migrant before his departure.The second essay proposes an empirical agricultural household model which is robust to market imperfections and tractable enough for simulation and parameter estimation.
The model is used to study the effects of trade liberalization in Vietnam from to of his non-separable agricultural household model.
2 Thorton () using data from Utah dairy farms model provides a variant of Lopez () model using the marginal product of on-farm labor as the shadow wage rate. Household Economics This result is often called the “separation property” of the agricultural household model, There is an interesting pair of papers, however, by Benjamin (, ) and another by Pitt and Rosenzweig () which indicate that the separation property is.
Agricultural Household Model - Nowadays, the world is being globalized.; Globalized or open economy is the one which has liberalized the trade and capital movement (Thorbecke et alp). A model addressing agricultural responses to public interventions is described.
The model is confined to the short run, and it allows an assessment of the policy significance of changes in five variables that are exogenous to the household. The essay will analyze the challenges of emergent firms in a context of globalized and underdeveloped world. Because of the narrow scope, the essay will only be discussing three challenges, namely, technology capability, industries reputation and availability capital for investment.Download